typhoon n : a tropical cyclone occurring in the western Pacific or Indian oceans
- Rhymes with: -uːn
EtymologyFrom a merger of Cantonese 大風 and Arabic طوفان, the latter from Greek τυφών. The spelling is in imitation of the Greek.
The similar-sounding Japanese 台風 is unrelated.
hurricane in the Pacific
- Chinese: 颱風, 台风
- Danish: tyfon
- Dutch: tyfoon , taifoen
- Finnish: taifuuni
- French: typhon, ouragan
- German: Taifun
- Greek: τυφώνας (tufṓnas)
- Italian: tifona
- Japanese: 台風 (たいふう, taifū), 颱風 (たいふう, taifū)
- Korean: 태풍
- Latin: typhonas
- Lithuanian: taifūnas
- Russian: тайфун (taifun)
- Spanish: tifón
- Tagalog: bagyo
- Welsh: teiffŵn
Pacific typhoon refers to tropical cyclones forming in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. The basin is demarcated within the Pacific Ocean from Asia, north of the equator, and west of the international date line. Storms from the Eastern and Central Pacific crossing the date line are re-designated as typhoons. This basin features the strongest cyclones on record.
Typhoon seasons include the entirety of the calendar year. Most storms tend to form between May and November.
Nearly one-third of the world's tropical cyclones form within the Western Pacific. This makes this basin the most active. Pacific typhoons have formed year round, with peak months from August to October. The peak months correspond to that of the Atlantic hurricane seasons. Along with a high storm frequency, this basin also features the most globally intense storms on record.
Name sourcesThe list of names consist of entries from 17 East Asian nations and the United States who have territories directly affected by typhoons. The submitted names are arranged into five lists; and each list is cycled with each year. Unlike hurricanes, typhoons are not named after people. Instead, they generally refer to animals, flowers, astrological signs, and a few personal names. However, PAGASA retains its own naming list, which does consist of human names. Therefore, a typhoon can possibly have two names. Storms that cross the date line from the Central Pacific retain their original name, but the designation of hurricane becomes typhoon.
typhoon in French: Liste des cyclones tropicaux célèbres par bassin
typhoon in Macedonian: тајфун
baguio, black squall, blizzard, blow, cyclone, dirty weather, dust devil, equinoctial, foul weather, gale, half a gale, heavy blow, hurricane, ill wind, line squall, line storm, rainspout, rainstorm, rotary storm, rough weather, sand column, sandspout, snowstorm, squall, squall line, storm, storm wind, stormy weather, stormy winds, strong wind, tempest, tempestuous rage, tempestuous wind, thick squall, thundersquall, thunderstorm, tornado, tropical, tropical cyclone, twister, ugly wind, violent blow, waterspout, whirlblast, whirlwind, white squall, whole gale, williwaw, wind eddy, wind-shift line, windstorm